KIDNEY TRANSPLANT IN INDIA
A kidney transplant is the process that involves transfer of a healthy kidney from the donor to a person (recipient) who has little or no kidney function at all. The main role of the kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood and send it out of the body. If the kidneys fail to do this function, then the waste products get piled up which can cause life-threatening situations.
This loss of kidney function known as end-chronic kidney disease or kidney failure is the main reason for a kidney transplantation. However, the function of the kidneys can be replaced by a procedure called dialysis but this might be inconvenient or time-consuming. So a better plan would be going in for kidney transplantation.
Who can have a kidney transplant?
Most people can undergo kidney transplantation regardless of their age as long as,
- The transplant has a relatively greater chance of success
- The person is good enough to withstand the effects of surgery
- The person is willing to undergo the long-term medication
There are basically two types of donors;
- Living donors
- Deceased donors
Living donors: a living donor may be a family member, a friend or any person who is willing to do donate their kidney. A person needs only one healthy kidney to lead a healthy life.
Deceased donors: a deceased donor is someone who has died recently.
The recipient may have to undergo a series of tests to see how well the donor kidney matches with your tissue or blood type. A close match in tissue or blood type will reveal that your body is ready to accept the new kidney provided you don’t suffer from other chronic diseases such as heart or lung infections.
The kidney transplantation procedure:
It takes about 3 hours for the kidney transplant surgery. During the surgery, the donor kidney is placed in your lower abdomen and the blood vessel from the donor kidney is connected to the arteries and veins in your body. The ureter from the donor kidney is connected to the bladder. The new kidney then produces urine and begins to filter and remove waste from the body. In most cases, the diseased or damaged kidney is not removed unless it is highly infected or the person has kidney cancer.
A kidney transplant is a crucial surgery followed by a wide range of potential risks. The short-term risks include blood clots and other infections whereas the long-term risks include diabetes or increased risk of infection which can be controlled by medications. The person who had kidney transplant must undergo regular health check-ups.
Living with a kidney transplant;
Once the person has undergone a kidney transplant surgery, he or she has to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to reduce the complications. Therefore it is advised that
- You don’t smoke
- You eat a healthy diet
- You lose weight if you are overweight or obese
- Make efforts to reduce your developing infections
How long does kidney transplants last?
The duration of a transplanted kidney depends on many factors. Some of which are:
- Whether or not, the kidney came from a living donor
- How well the donor kidney matched with the tissue or blood type of the recipient
- The age and overall health of the person
The average kidney survival timings are as follows;
- 1 year- about 95%
- 5 years- about 85%-90%
- 10 years-about 75%
If you have a kidney transplant failure then you may have to go in for a dialysis unless and until you undergo another kidney transplant surgery.
The possible risks of a kidney transplant surgery:
- Severe infection
- Rejection of donor kidney
- Failure of donor kidney
- Reaction to anesthesia used for the surgery
What to think about?
- Although a kidney transplant surgery is an expensive procedure, it will be a better option compared to long-term dialysis because the survival rates are better after the transplant.
- One will have to wait for a long time before they receive a donor Also, the complications may be severe if the patient is suffering from heart diseases or cancer that might limit their life expectancy.
- After the kidney transplant, one will have to continue long-term medications to suppress their immune system to help prevent the body from rejecting the donor